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Skincare 101

Knowing your skin type is absolutely necessary in order to make the right decision about proper skin care or treatment, which is suitable for your particular skin needs. Just because it works for bestie, doesn't mean it will work for you.

With the overwhelming amount of information out there, figuring out how to care for our skin can be complicated. But before we can even think about products, routines and how to care for it, we need to know what we’re dealing with.

That’s where skin type comes in. There are five general skin type categories that can help us define our skin and get to know it better. Of course, our skin is complicated and it won’t always fit neatly into one category.

There are many factors that can influence and change it, but the guide below should help you get a better idea of your skin’s overall behavior.

This, in turn, will give you a blueprint for choosing the best products and methods to care for it. Read through the descriptions below and see which type sounds most like your skin.

As a general note, this is mainly referring to facial skin. Some principles will also apply to body skin as well.

Determine your skin type:

-Notice how your skin feels

It’s important to notice how your skin feels on any given day of the week. The texture of your skin can reveal a lot about its essential nature.

Combination skin: Combination skin usually feels oily in the T-zone (the area that includes your forehead, nose and chin) but dry everywhere else.

It can also be oily and dry in different locations, but if you notice two or more different textures on your face, it is a sign that you are dealing with combination skin.

Sensitive skin: Sensitive skin usually feels itchy, patchy, dry and can sometimes sting.

Normal skin: Normal skin feels even and balanced. It’s neither too dry nor too oily or sensitive.

Oily skin: Oily skin will feel greasy and shiny all over. If you feel like you are constantly reaching for the oil blotting sheets, this means you probably have oily skin.

Dry skin: Dry skin will feel tight and dry. It is normal for it to be flaky and crack, especially in the winter.

-Take a look at your pores

Your pores are also big indicators of your skin type. Their size and and tendency to get clogged can tell you a lot about your skin and its oil production.

Combination skin: If pores are large and often clogged around the nose but are small and unnoticeable on the cheeks and other areas of the face, this is a sign of combination skin.

Sensitive skin: People with sensitive skin often have normal to large pores, but it will depend on the day and if a reaction to a product or other irritant has occurred.

Normal skin: For people with normal skin, their pores are usually unnoticeable.

Oily skin: People with oily skin often struggle with large pores that get easily clogged from sweat and oils the body secretes.

Dry skin: People with dry skin typically have small pores that often feel tight.

-Notice how your skin feels after cleansing.

Combination skin: After cleansing, combination skin will often feel clean, refreshed and oil-free around the nose area but tight and dry around the cheeks.

Sensitive skin: Sensitive skin will often feel clean and a bit dry after washing but the cleanser may trigger itching and irritation to occur. When this happens frequently and with a range of products, it is a sign of sensitive skin.

Normal skin: People with normal skin will feel clean and clear after cleansing. They might still be in need of a little moisturizer, but overall the skin doesn’tfeel too parched or sensitive.

Oily skin: After cleansing, oily skin will feel clean and oil-free, almost the only time it feels that way. Shortly after cleansing, oil will return.

Dry skin: For dry skin, cleansing can dry out the skin leaving it feeling taut and dehydrated.

-Think about how often you need moisturizer.

Almost everyone needs moisturizer to keep their skin healthy and hydrated, but how often you need it can indicate how good your skin is at staying hydrated on its own and what type of skin you are dealing with.

Combination skin: People with combination skin will frequently need to apply moisturizer to some areas of their face that are drying out (often the cheeks) but will rarely need it on other, oilier areas (like the T-zone).

Sensitive skin: Sensitive skin usually requires moisturizer somewhat frequently but it’s hard to find one that doesn’t irritate the skin and cause a reaction.

Normal skin: People with normal skin won’t need to apply moisturizer very often throughout the day as the skin stays fairly moisturized on its own.

Oily skin: For people with oily skin, moisturizer tends to make their skin even oilier so they don’t need it very often throughout the day.

Dry skin: Dry skin demands a lot of moisturizer throughout the day, and it is especially needed upon waking or after cleansing the face.

As you went through the steps, which skin type sounded most like yours? Which category was most aligned with your experience?

Now that you have a general idea of your skin type, stay turned to our next blog for some more information and tips for how to care for it.

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